Vanwege het Corona virus is het nog onduidelijk hoe het onderwijs precies verzorgd gaat worden. Zie voor de actuele informatie de betreffende vakpagina’s op Blackboard/Brightspace.


nl en

European and Commercial Perspectives of Space Law Blended Learning (subject to change)


Admission requirements

Admission to the parttime Blended Learning advanced LL.M. programme in Air and Space Law.


The course aims to provide students with knowledge of the various commercial space applications and issues surrounding the regulation of commercial and ‘NewSpace’ activities, which are not clearly addressed in international space law. Some of the topics discussed are space resource utilization, satellite constellations, Earth Observation, human spaceflight and innovative applications of space technology. The associated legal issues are examined from the perspective of international, regional and national laws, as well as through practitioners’ and industrial practice, illustrated by examples and case studies. Contemporary developments, such as privacy and cybersecurity in space activities are also discussed.

The course focuses on steps undertaken by the United Nations and the international community to address these gaps, while several national space laws are analysed. The course also adresses topics of special relevance for Europe, such as the role and activities of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Union (EU), and the European programs for satellite navigation and Earth Observation, Galileo and Copernicus.

Course objectives

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • Give examples of commercial and ‘NewSpace’ activities and indicate the legal issues they raise.

  • Describe the efforts undertaken on national and international level to solve the issues raised by those activities.

  • List the main features of national space legislation and at the European level.

  • Explain the roles of ESA and the EU, and Europe’s role the space sector.

  • Apply the relevant space laws and policies and solve practical case studies.

  • Undertake an individual research project in the field of space law.


Students take this course at their own pace.

Mode of Instruction

This course consists of weblectures.

Required preparation: Students are required to read the applicable chapters from Introduction to Space Law (Masson-Zwaan & Hofmann, 2019).

Assessment method

Blended learning students work on four assignments to be submitted via Brightspace. The course is successfully passed if an average of 6 among the assignments is obtained.

Reading list

Introduction to Space Law, T. Masson-Zwaan and M. Hofmann, Kluwer 2019 and handouts.


Students will be registered automatically for the course in uSis and Brightspace.


International Institute of Air and Space Law (IIASL)
Law School, Leiden University
Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, Netherlands
Postal address: P.O. Box 9520, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Phone : +31 71 527 8081