Birth of the Modern World
In February 1941, in a soon-to-be famous editorial in his LIFE magazine, the American publisher Henry Luce proclaimed that the twentieth century would be the ‘American century’. With war raging in Europe and Asia, Luce believed that the moment had come for the United States to step forth as world’s pre-eminent economic, political, and cultural power. ‘Consider the 20th century’, he told his fellow Americans. ‘It is [ours] not only in the sense that we happen to live in it, but ours also because it is America’s first century as a dominant power in the world.’
This course surveys the United States’s interactions with the world in what Luce (and others with him) called the ‘American century’. Starting with the US’s emergence as an imperial power at the turn of the twentieth century, it traces the evolution of American foreign relations through the First World War, the Great Depression, the Second World War, and the Cold War. It considers how the United States came to rise to its present position of power within the international system, and how the exercise of American power (military, political, economic, and cultural) in turn came to transform the lives of millions. Throughout the course, we will touch upon key themes in American international history, such as isolationism, the ‘new world orders’ proposed by Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt, the emergence of the Cold War, and subsequent challenges to American hegemony, from Vietnam to Iraq. We will also consider the different ways that historians have evaluated and interpreted the history of American foreign relations.
The course relies heavily on the use of primary sources, which students will be asked to incorporate both in their class readings and in their written work. It will also feature an archive excursion.
Successful completion of the course will enable students to:
Understand key themes and approaches relevant to the study of the history of American foreign relations in the twentieth century;
Develop a critical perspective when reading and analysing texts and source materials;
Organise an independent research project, based on a thorough investigation into a particular source;
Formulate clear arguments in discussion and debate.
Once available, timetables will be published in the e-Prospectus.
Mode of instruction
The course consists of fourteen two-hour seminars, which will consist of (short) lectures, group discussions, and other exercises based on the readings. During the course of the seminar, students are expected to participate consistently in seminar discussion by presenting and defending their ideas.
Particular components of the course will consist of the following:
Each student will prepare two short web postings on an assigned primary sources, in which they will analyse its contents and situate the source in its historical context.
This will be held around half-way through the course. It is a short take-home exam, with written answers, covering the topics of the first half of the course.
This requires each student to choose a book related to the course theme, and write a review of it, involving the following: description of contents; identification of its main arguments; types of sources used; relevance for the course topic.
Document Analysis Proposal and Paper
This is the central component of the course's assessment. Each student must select a primary source document (archival source, oral history transcript, newspaper article, etc.) and develop a paper that draws on secondary sources to explain the historical significance of the chosen item. The proposal will identify the document and outline why it is chosen and which sources will be used to explain its significance. The proposal acts as a guide for writing the paper. Only documents related to US foreign relations in the 20th century are acceptable.
Students are required to submit written work through the TurnItIn tool on Blackboard. Failure to do so will prevent that particular piece of work from being graded. Students must submit all work to pass the course.
The course grade will be compiled of:
Class Participation (10 %)
Web Postings on Readings (10 %)
Take-home Exam (20 %)
Book Review (20 %)
Document Analysis Proposal (10 %)
Document Analysis (30 %)
In accordance with article 4.8 of the Course and Examination Regulations (OER), within 30 days after the publication of grades, the instructor will provide students the opportunity to inspect their exams/coursework.
There is a no re-sit policy at Leiden University College.
There will be a Blackboard site available for this course. Students will be enrolled at least one week before the start of classes.
The course will make use of the following books, and you are strongly advised to purchase them:
George C. Herring, The American Century and Beyond: U.S. Foreign Relations, 1893-2014 (Oxford, 2017). NOTE: this is a second volume of Herring’s From Colony to Superpower: US Foreign Relations since 1776 (Oxford, 2008), which you can buy instead.
Jeffrey A. Engel, Mark Atwood Lawrence, and Andrew Preston (eds.), America in the World: A History in Documents from the War with Spain to the War on Terror (Princeton, 2014).
Further readings will be provided via Blackboard.
This course is open to LUC students and LUC exchange students. Registration is coordinated by the Education Coordinator. Interested non-LUC students should contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr Cees Heere, email@example.com