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Sanskrit 1


Admission requirements



This course provides an introduction to the grammar of classical Sanskrit. Students are introduced to the phonology, morphology and syntax of the Sanskrit language and learn the accompanying terminology. Subjects that are dealt with include phonology, declension, conjugation, and verbal and nominal composition.
The course is taught through The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit by A.M. Ruppel and the accompanying exercises. The exercises are to be prepared by the students in advance of each class and are the primary means through which the grammar is brought into practice during class. There are two two-hourly classes each week. The course requires active preparation and participation. Attendance of the classes is compulsory. In addition there is a one hour response meeting every two weeks.

At the end of the course students have a first overview of the grammatical system of classical Sanskrit and are able to translate and analyze simple Sanskrit sentences and verses. The language is taught in Devanāgarī script along with Romanized transliteration. Sanskrit 1 is the preparatory course for Sanskrit 2 taught in the second semester, in which a start is made with reading larger pieces of Sanskrit literature.

Course objectives

  • Working knowledge of the grammar of classical Sanskrit, in particular paradigms of declension and conjugation.

  • Knowledge of accompanying terminology and the transliteration system.

  • Ability to translate simple sentences and verses from Sanskrit into English.

  • Acquiring elementary vocabulary of Sanskrit.


The timetables are available through My Timetable.

Mode of instruction

  • Seminar

Attendance and participation are obligatory. Classes missed for a good reason (to the discretion of the conveners and to be discussed BEFORE the class takes place) will have to be made up with an extra assignment. Being absent without notification can result in a lower grade or exclusion from the term end exams and a failing grade for the course.

Assessment method


2 written examinations.


2 written examinations (w): 1) at the end of the first block (50%) 2) at the end of the second block (50%)


In order to pass the course, students must obtain an overall mark of 5.50 (=6) or higher. The individual exams cannot be retaken. There is one opportunity for a re-sit of the entire course (100%).

The course is an integrated whole. The final examination and the assignments must be completed in the same academic year. No partial marks can be carried over into following years.

Exam review

If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will be organized.

Inspection and feedback

How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.

Reading list

A.M. Ruppel, The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.


Enrolment through MyStudyMap is mandatory.

Registration Contractonderwijs

Registration Contractonderwijs.