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International Contract Law


Disclaimer: Should there be any future extenuating circumstances which may impinge our teaching and assessment, these could necessitate modification of the course descriptions after 1 September. This will only happen in the event of strict necessity and the interests of the students will be taken into account. Should there be a need for any change during the course, this will be informed to all students on a timely basis. Modifications after 1 September 2023 may only be done with the approval and consent of the Faculty Board and Programme Director.


This course provides students with in-depth knowledge of the core elements of contract law as they apply to international transactions. This course is taught by lecturers from both civil and common law jurisdictions who will approach the subject from a comparative perspective and infuse academic theory with examples and case studies drawn from international commercial practice. Aside from studying civil and common law approaches in depth, the course will also examine international and transnational rules and principles of contract law.

The course consists of three parts. Part I is dedicated to an overview of the general rules of contract law in civil and common law jurisdictions. Part II consists of a study of the life of a contract: from its negotiation and conclusion, its terms and their performance, to remedies for non-performance and termination. These aspects of a life of a contract will be examined in a comparative context, drawing on international restatements of contract law and with reference to standard form clauses to be found in modern commercial contracts. Finally, Part III will consist of an examination of some particular topics, including contract drafting, long term contracts and the challenges created for the law of contract by modern methods of contracting, including contracts entered into over the internet.


Programme Coordinator LLM (Adv) International Civil and Commercial Law
Office for International Education / Leiden Law School


Ms H. de Rooij


Lectures, seminars, and group discussions.


Written exam (100%)
In order to complete the course successfully, students must obtain at least a 5.5 final grade for the written exam.

The retake of the written exam will be an oral exam (100%).


Full degree in law granting access to the legal profession (or equivalent).