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Regulating EU External Trade


Regulating EU External Trade
The course examines the European Union’s (EU) external agreements with third countries, focusing on the different models of economic integration or cooperation, as the case may be. This includes in particular the models reflected by the European Economic Area Agreement (EEA), the sectoral treaties with Switzerland, the Association agreement with Turkey (Ankara Agreement), cooperation and partnership agreements such as with Russia, modern style agreements that are largely or even entirely based on WTO law such as the Association Agreement with Ukraine and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with Canada and, finally, the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement governing relations between the parties post-Brexit. The discussion of the different models is preceded by a general introduction into the legal framework of the EU’s external relations law.


Europa Institute Steenschuur 25 2311 ES Leiden Phone: 071-527 7760 Website: Sheena Bruce, Phone: +31 (0)71 527 7821

**Lecturer(s): **
Prof. Christa Tobler - Course Coordinator and Dr. Narin Idriz

Course Objectives:

Objectives of the course:
The objective of this course is to provide the students with systematic knowledge relating to the EU external agreements in the economic field.

Achievement levels:
The following achievement levels apply with regard to the course:
Knowledge and comprehension: At the end of this course, students will be able to outline the differences between different models of EU external agreements in the economic field.
Application: At the end of this course, students will be able to discuss and apply legal issues related to the EU’s external agreements in the economic field.
Analysis: At the end of this course, students will be motivated to place day-to-day political developments relating to the EU external economic relations in a systematic legal context and to reflect critically on such developments.
Presentation: At the end of this course, the students will be able to make oral presentations and write papers on the issues covered.

Mode of Instruction:
Seminars with presentations and class discussion.

Assessment Method(s):
During the course, students will be asked to make group presentations. Based on these, students will be asked to write group or individual papers.

Reading List:

  • R.A. Wessel/J. Larik (eds), EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials, 2nd edition, Oxford etc.: Hart, 2020.

  • Specific literature on individual agreements as well as CJEU case law will be indicated in the course reader and in the Law Faculty’s electronic learning environment.

Bright Space
Additional reading (CJEU case law etc.) will be indicated in the course reader and in the electronic learning environment, Bright Space.

**Disclaimer: **
Currently these pages are being updated to reflect the courses for 2023 - 2024. Until these pages are fixed as per 1 September 2023 no rights can be claimed from the information which is currently contained within. Should there be any future extenuating circumstances which may impinge our teaching and assessment, these could necessitate modification of the course descriptions after 1 September. This will only happen in the event of strict necessity and the interests of the students will be taken into account. Should there be a need for any change during the course, this will be informed to all students on a timely basis. Modifications after 1 September 2023 may only be done with the approval and consent of the Faculty Board and Programme Director.