This course is given in Dutch and English.
This course gives a broad overview of the histories of South and Southeast Asia from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. The nature and dynamics of the late colonial state is an important focus allowing us to interrogate the colonial state as a modern regime of power. This includes an exploration of the politics of knowledge (census, maps, archaeology, photography) practiced by colonial states in these two regions. The workings of the colonial economy and debates over ‘deindustrialization’, dual economy and welfare are addressed.
How peoples, groups and communities resisted colonialism is explored and we will look not only at nationalist movements but also at the tensions between nationalist thought and practice. The politics of those at the margins (women and other subaltern groups) are underscored. The partition of India and decolonization in Indonesia will be analyzed as foundational moments for the new states emerging in the mid-twentieth century. Finally, we will reflect on the consolidation of the modern states in South and Southeast Asia highlighting shadows looming in the next decades.
The course aims at giving students a survey of the modern histories of South and Southeast Asia and making them familiar with the current discourse about key issues. In addition, students are trained in written reporting on the basis of a comparative analysis.
- comparative essay (40% of assessment)
- written exam (60%)
- Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj. South Asia since 1600 (London: Routledge, 2007)
- Norman G. Owen (ed.), The emergence of modern Southeast Asia (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2005)