Mandatory course for MSc Clinical students.
Clinical psychological research is often concerned with investigating the causes of abnormal behavior or with its treatment. A range of study designs can used to identify causes of illness, both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs. Treatment evaluation designs range from case reports to randomized clinical trials (RCTs). RCTs have rapidly become the gold standard of evidence in biomedical research. However, the vast majority of studies is observational. Furthermore, it has been argued that RCTs are impractical in some circumstances, and impossible in others.
In this course we will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of cohort-studies, case-control studies and cross-sectional studies for investigating causal relationships. Secondly, we will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of different treatment evaluation designs, as well as the standards of conducting and reporting this research. Recent developments in psychotherapy and psychopharmacology research will be used as examples.
Learn to reflect upon the strengths and weaknesses of research designs typically used in clinical psychology.
Learn to assess research papers on the merits of their chosen research strategies and design.
Learn the standards of reporting of various types of clinical research, including the rationale for these standards.
Gain knowledge about recent developments in psychological treatments of psychiatric disorders.
Experimental Clinical Psychology (2012-2013):
Mode of instruction
Six (2hr) lectures and six (2 hr) seminars. 100% attendance required.
6 graded assignments (40%)
grade for participation during seminars, including presentation of assignment (15%)
final exam (essay questions) (45%)
From January 1, 2006 the Faculty of Social Sciences has instituted the Ephorus system to be used by instructors for the systematic detection of plagiarism in students’ written work. Please see the information concerning fraud .
Information on blackboard.leidenuniv.nl
- Kazdin, Alan E.(2009) Research Design In Clinical Psychology. 524 pagina’s, Pearson Education (US) | International ed of 4th revised ed juni 2009 ISBN139780205774067 Paperback
(NB: make sure you buy the paperback (appr. 42 euro instead of 140)
The following papers will be made available through Blackboard. Throughout the course, more papers will be distributed for use in seminars:
Vandenbroucke JP (2008). Observational research, randomized trials, and two views of medical science. PLoS Medicine 5: e67.
Vandenbroucke JP et al. (2007). Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): Explanation and elaboration. PLoS Medicine 4: e297.
Altman DG et al. (2001). The revised CONSORT statement for reporting randomized trials: Explanation and elaboration. Annals of Internal Medicine 134: 663-694.
Boutron I et al. (2008). Extending the CONSORT statement to randomized trials of nonpharmacological treatment: explanation and elaboration. Annals of Internal Medicine 148: 295-309.
Students need to enrol for the course via uSis on the master’s introduction and course enrolment day that takes place at the start of each semester. Please, consult the master’s agenda Psychology.
Students must register for each examination. Students, who haven’t registered, cannot participate in an exam
Prof. dr. Willem van der Does.
Tel. +31 71 527 8482