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Brazil Visiting Chair: Armed Forces and Security in Brazil


Admission requirements

This course can be done for 5 or 10 ects. If you want to take the course for 10 EC please consult with the teacher and register for prospectusnumber: 5654KLA19.
Research Master students, should always take this course for 10 ECTS.


In Brazil, since the proclamation of the Republic, in 1889, the military have been part of the political system, in different ways. Only recently has civilian control been established. The course will look into the historical roots of this situation and look at the more recent developments. The course will divided into the following topics:
1. The Armed Forces and the Republic (1889-1930)
2. The politics of the Army (1930-1945)
3. The military and democracy (1945-1964)
4. The military dictatorship (1964-1985): ideology and practice
5. The Brazilian military after the Cold War (1989—): defense and security

Course objectives

The objective of the course is to give an insight into the special role the armed forces played in the history and development of Brazil, which is quite different from the situation in the European continent. This course will also give some insight in the topic of security, which is quite different from that of other countries with a huge territory.



Mode of instruction

Lectures, presentations by students and essay.

Course Load

5 EC = 140 hours in total. 24 hours for class attendance. 32 hours for reading assignments and preparing an oral presentation 84 hours for writing a paper.

10 EC: 280 hours in total 24 hours for class attendance. 76 hours for reading assignments and preparing an oral presentation 180 hours for writing a paper.

Assessment method

Participation in class [20%] and an essay [80%]
For 5 ec’s, the paper has to have a length of 3000 words
For 10 ec’s, the paper has to have a length of 6000 words

Only the paper can be redone in case of a resit (80%)

For those following a research master, more attention will be paid to the theoretical framework and the analysis of the paper.


Blackboard will be used to post all the necessary information about the course (programme, time tables, announcements, etc.). Also notices will be posted on interesting activities (such as Conferences, workshops, expositions, etc.), which are related to the themes analyzed during the course.

Reading list

The reading list will be put on Blackboard.


Exchange and Study Abroad students, please see the Study in Leiden website for information on how to apply

Contact information

Dr. M.L. Wiesebron . Tel.: 071-527 2063


Interested bachelor students in their final year can also attend this class, if having contacted Dr. Wiesebron, she has approved the request.