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Research tools in Egyptology


Admission requirements

BA degree or degree of equivalent level, preferably in Ancient History, Archaeology, Classics, or a comparative field.


Being an area study, Egyptology deals with a specific, geographically and historically defined society and culture. The sources available for this area are of many different types, which can be subsumed under the headings ‘textual’ and ‘archaeological’. Above all, Egyptology stands for an integrative approach to these sources. Despite its disciplinary pluriformity, it has a clearly defined research tradition reaching back for two centuries, the entire output of which is made accessible by Egyptological periodicals, monographs and online publications, as well as by centrally compiled bibliographies and other search tools.
In this course, the student is introduced to the nature of Egyptology as a scholarly subject, and to practical aspects of doing research in this field. The use of literature and reference works is explained, as is the range of digital research tools currently available.

Course objectives

  • Understanding the objectives and methods of Egyptology as a scholarly field

  • Being able to find one’s way in, and to work with, Egyptological literature and online resources

  • Being able to identify the primary source material relevant to one’s research


Semester 1, block 1

  • 3 lectures (1. Introduction to Egyptology; 2. Egyptological literature; 3. Egyptian source material)

  • discussion of assignments

  • submitting essay and bibliography

Timetable to be arranged between student(s) and instructor.

For further information see the timetables on the Classics and Ancient Civilizations website.

Mode of instruction

Lectures, assignments; collective discussion of assignments; individual discussion of essay

Course Load

Total 140 h., including:

  • 3 lectures with reading: 30 h;

  • 2 sessions for assignments: 30 h;

  • Paper: 80 h.

Assessment method

Essay presenting the state of knowledge and discussion of a particular research topic within the wider context of Egyptology, accompanied by a bibliography including the most important and recent of relevant titles (100%).

In case the final mark is unsatisfactory, the essay can be repeated after consultation with the teacher.



Reading list

Reader ‘Research tools in Egyptology’ in Blackboard module.
Further reading to be announced during the course.


Students are required to register for this course via uSis, the course registration system of Leiden University.

Exchange and Study Abroad students: please see the Study in Leiden website for information on how to apply.

Registration Studeren à la carte and Contractonderwijs

Registration Contractonderwijs


Dr. B.J.J. Haring