An introduction to Political Philosophy focusing on the foundations of modern Liberalism in the Enlightenment contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. After an introduction to the basic problems and themes of modern political philosophy (the concept of the state and the distinction between legislature, executive and judiciary; the grounds of political obligation and authority, primary political goods etc.), the course will focus on the foundational texts of modern contract theory: Hobbes’s Leviathan, Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Social Contract (excerpts).
Key topics include: the concepts of natural law and the state of nature; the concept of reason; variations and problems of contract theory; individualism and collectivism; the concepts of equality and liberty; the free market and property; democracy. Special attention will be given to the nature and status of the ethical in these political theories. The course will end with a survey of some of the main lines of development stemming from these works.
Students who successfully complete the course will have:
- an understanding of the distinctive features of modern political philosophy in comparison to ancient political philosophy with special reference to the relation between politics and ethics or practical philosophy in each;
- an understanding of the basic problems and of modern political philosophy (political authority, legitimacy; political obligation; primary political goods / the ends of government) and key concepts, like: political authority; sovereignty; the state, and the distinction between legislature, executive and judiciary; justice (distributive, retributive); equality; liberty; tolerance; democracy; consent; property; absolutism; liberalism;
- an understanding of how these problems are addressed by the three key figures of Enlightenment political philosophy: Hobbes (Leviathan), Locke (Second Treatise of Government) and Rousseau (Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Social Contract). This includes: an understanding of the key arguments and the conceptual vocabulary used for them (primarily: reason; method; natural law / natural right; the state of nature; civil society; the social contract; consent; civil law; sovereignty; equality; liberty; propriety or property, inter alia); an understanding of the systematic relations between them regarding shared problems and concerns, and the strengths and weaknesses of each; but also a situated understanding of the different historical conditions to which they respond;
- an understanding of the overall aims, strategy, structure and arguments of each of the above primary texts, as well as a detailed understanding of key passages and arguments (as discussed in class);
- an overview of the major lines of development stemming from Enlightenment political philosophy, with special reference to contemporary liberal-democratic theory. This includes an understanding of how some of the difficulties in contemporary liberal-democratic theory can be traced back to fundamental assumptions established by Enlightenment political philosophy;
- some knowledge of the standard, English-language secondary literature on Enlightenment political philosophy, especially: Macpherson’s “Possessive Individualism” and its critics; literature on the history of Natural Law / Natural Right.
Students who successfully complete the course will be able to:
- read the primary texts with the confidence needed to analyse, reconstruct and evaluate key arguments in them;
- read secondary literature in such a way that they can extract the main points and arguments and give a clear and structured oral account of the main arguments and a balanced evaluation of it;
- participate in class discussions in such a way that they make intelligible and well-reasoned claims or responses to questions raised;
- answer short questions on individual primary and secondary texts, as well as longer comparative questions under normal exam conditions;
- answer longer questions of a textual/interpretative nature and of a comparative nature under take-home conditions.
The timetable is available on the BA Filosofie website
- BA Filosofie, BA1 – BA Plus-traject
- BA Filosofie, BA1 – Standaardtraject
- Minor Ethiek, politiek en cultuur. Filosofie van het menselijk handelen
Mode of instruction
Class attendance is required .
Total course load 5 EC x 28 hours = 140 hours
Calculation of the course load to be announced.
To be announced
To be announced.
To be announced.
How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.
Blackboard will be used for:
To be announced.
To be announced.
Enrolment for courses and examns through uSis is mandatory.
Students are strongly advised to register in uSis through the activity number which can be found in the timetables for courses and exams.
Registration Studeren à la carte and Contractonderwijs