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Economic Regulation of Air Transport Blended Learning


Course objectives

This course aims to provide students with a profound knowledge of the developments of Economic Regulation of Air Transport, starting with the Chicago Convention, the role of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the system of bilateral air services agreements, followed by deregulation and liberalization of air transport services, with special attention to European air law, including EU Regulation 1008/2008, and EU external relations. Other topics include slot allocation, airport charges and regional liberalization in other parts of the world. As air transport undertakings are increasingly privatised or corporatised, the course further covers EU competition and US antitrust law and policy, including case law, which includes alliance and joint-ventures, mergers and foreign investment, as well as State aid to airlines and airports.


  • Chicago Convention • Bilateral Agreements • Multilateralism • International Organizations • European Union Air Law • Market Access • Airport Charges • EU Competition Law • US Anti-trust Law • Alliance and Joint-ventures • Mergers • State Aid to Airlines and Airports • Subsidies • Unfair Competition • Case Law • Foreign Investment

Learning outcomes
Upon completion of this course, students:

  • have thorough knowledge and understanding of the key issues of the economic regulation of air transport;

  • know the most important case law in the area of economic regulation of air transport;

  • can explain the economic regulation of the air transport topics on the international and EU level;

  • can explain the various legal issues pertaining to economic regulation of air transport and come with analyses and possible ways of addressing these issues;

  • can apply the rules to cases;

  • can solve practical case studies;

  • are able to undertake an individual research project in the area of economic regulation of air transport.

International Institute of Air and Space Law (IIASL)
Law School, Leiden University
Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, Netherlands
Postal address: P.O. Box 9520, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Phone: +31 71 527 8081
Website: www.iiasl.aero
Contact: airandspace@law.leidenuniv.nl

Methods of instruction
Lectures: The course consists of approximately thirty 2-hour lectures.
Required preparation: Students are required to read the applicable chapters from Introduction to Air Law.

The lecturers make good use of debating techniques, which reinforces the student’s knowledge. For the course presentation/paper assessment, students are asked to research a topic of their choice. It requires them to make extensive use of the libraries of Leiden University and other law libraries.

Course materials
Introduction to Air Law, handouts and suggested reading materials


  • For face-to-face students:

    • Exam – 60%
    • Presentation – 20%*
    • Paper – 20%
  • Blended learning students will follow the first two weeks of the course and will then work on assignments to be submitted via email. The course is successfully passed if an average of 6 among the assignments is obtained. No exam is required if a weighted average of 6 is obtained for the assignments.

Course requirements
Master degree in law