Due to the Corona virus education methods or examination can deviate. For the latest news please check the course page in Brightspace.


nl en

Comparative Legal and Economic Integration


Admission requirements

Required courses:

  • Sovereignty and Statehood

  • Structure and Functioning of the EU


This course is dedicated to the study of economic integration taking place around the world. Having adopted a comparative approach, this course will focus on regional economic integration initiatives and on comparing and analysing their main features from a predominantly legal standpoint. The course will start off with a general overview of economic integration to be followed by a basic introduction to GATT/WTO law before switching the lens onto the regional stage, starting with European Union law and notably the development of the four freedoms (goods, services, persons, and capital). The course will then move onto regional economic integration in the Americas, in Asia and in Africa.

This course aims at comparing each economic integration area / organization by highlighting their commonalities and specificities. In doing so, this course will analyse a common set of topics (e.g., trade in goods & services and related issues such as quotas and tariffs, dispute settlement mechanisms) and then situate each organization / area along a spectrum of economic integration.

Course Objectives


  • to understand and use legal language prevalent in economic integration treaties and related legal documents;

  • to undertake analyses of additional and previously unknown regional economic organizations;

  • to apply legal rules to a hypothetical case study

  • to draw comparisons between liberalization processes on the basis of their scope and coverage and application to various areas of economic activity;

  • to decipher international economic news and on-going trade and investment negotiations by relating to regional economic integration processes;


  • Economic globalization and integration

  • Models of market integration in the EU;

  • The EU internal market

  • Other models of economic integration (WTO, NAFTA, MERCORSUR, ASEAN, East African Community etc.)


Timetables for courses offered at Leiden University College in 2020-2021 will be published on this page of the e-Prospectus.

Mode of instruction

The course aims to merge lectures with inputs from students in the form of discussions. Teaching will be online; if circumstances allow there can also be in-class meetings

Active knowledge is required of the topics covered in mandatory prerequisite courses.

Students will have the opportunity of working on a hypothetical case through a moot court exercise: they will submit written pleadings (group work) and will present their argument in oral proceedings (individual presentation). In addition, they will work on specific case studies and will present their work to their peers and comment on each other’s work (group presentations). The topics seen in class need to be well understood as they will form the basis of the final exam which will consist of the application of theoretical knowledge to a practical case study and essay question(s).

Assessment Method

  • Group written pleadings in a moot court exercise, 25% (week 3 & 4)

  • Individual oral pleadings in a moot court exercise, 19% (week 4)

  • Group presentations on given case studies, 16% (week 7)

  • Final exam, 40% (week 8)

Reading list

Catherine Barnard and Steve Peers (ed.), European Union Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, latest edition (August 2020)


Courses offered at Leiden University College (LUC) are usually only open to LUC students and LUC exchange students. Leiden University students who participate in one of the university’s Honours tracks or programmes may register for one LUC course, if availability permits. Registration is coordinated by the Education Coordinator, course.administration@luc.leidenuniv.nl.


Dr. Darinka Piqani, d.piqani@law.leidenuniv.nl


Readings will need to be completed prior to the first session and will be indicated in the course syllabus which will be circulated prior to the first session.

Active knowledge is required of the topics covered in mandatory prerequisite courses.