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Circular Economy



This course is a first-year elective module for the joint degree MSc Programme on Industrial Ecology and compulsory for the first-year Erasmus Mundus CIRCLE students. The course teaches basic concepts, methods, tools, and indicators related to the circular economy.

Learning goals

  • Knowledge of concepts and definitions related to Circular Economy

  • Insight in analytical framework for Circular Economy

  • Insight in (sense and nonsense of) metrics for Circular Economy

  • Insight in technological options for circularity

  • Insight in business models and governance options for Circular Economy

  • Ability to apply knowledge and insights in a practical case study

Teaching methods/mode of instruction

Interactive lectures with discussions, flipped classrooms using MOOC material, case study based learning.

Type of assessment

Individual assignment on a case study.

Final grades are expressed by means of a figure between 1 and 10, rounded to the nearest half. The grade 5,5 cannot be granted. Grades between 5,01 and 5,49 are rounded to 5,0 and grades between 5,50 and 5,99 are rounded to 6,0.


Because this course is part of a joint degree between Leiden University and TU Delft, students (also guest and exchange) have to be enrolled to both universities.
All students have to enroll for the course via Brightspace (before the start of the course) and for the exam via uSis, Leiden University. For more information see this website.

Students who are not enrolled for the MSc Industrial Ecology, have to ask for permission from the studyadvisor of Industrial Ecology to join this course, at least one month before the start of the course.

Exchange students can only enroll for this course if their home university has an Exchange agreement with both Leiden University and TU Delft. Exchange students have to ask permission from the studyadvisor of Industrial Ecology as soon as possible, preferably six months before the start of the course.

BrightSpace will be used for communications and distributing study material.