nl en

Public Institutions


Admission requirements

This course is for Master students Public Administration only.


Institutions are at the center of political life. Institutions like government ministries and international organisations formulate and implement public policies. And the economic policies and welfare state of a country can be understood as policy institutions.

What are institutions, and how are they different from other social phenomena? What effects do institutions have on the behaviour of public officials and other actors? How can institutions overcome collective action problems? How do institutions change and when do they remain stable? And what are the implications for institutional design and reform? These are key issues in the study of public institutions.

The course will present and discuss different institutional theories that seek to answer these questions. It will apply these theories to the analysis of real-world cases from public administration, such as policies to address climate change or respond to the Covid-19 pandemic, or the relationship between ministers and bureaucrats. It will also discuss the implications of these theories for institutional design and reform to address contemporary societal challenges.

Course objectives

By the end of the course, students will:

  • have an understanding of the concept of institutions and understanding of the varieties of institutional theory

  • have an understanding of how institutions shape how public officials and public organisations deal with governance challenges

  • understand and be able to apply multiple institutional theories to real-world issues.

  • be able to draw implications for institutional design and reform from institutional theories and communicate results in a way that is relevant to policymakers.


On the right side of programme front page of the E-guide you will find links to the website and timetables, uSis and Brightspace.

Mode of instruction

The course consists of lectures, group work and self-study. Attendance during the lectures is compulsory.

Assessment method

  • Weekly in-class exercises done in groups (30% of total grade).

  • Individual paper (70% of total grade).

For this course, partial grades from the academic year 2020-21 will remain valid.

Reading list

The readings consist of academic articles and book chapters that can be accessed through the university library (most readings are available electronically). Readings will be announced on Brightspace.


Register for every course and workgroup via uSis. Registration for courses in uSis is possible from 16 December, 13.00h. Some courses and workgroups have a limited number of participants, so register on time (before the course starts). In uSis you can access your personal schedule and view your results.

Leiden University uses Brightspace as its online learning management system. After enrolment for the course in uSis you will be automatically enrolled in the Brightspace environment of this course.


Dr. J. Christensen

Dr. F. Bulfone