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Frontiers of Measurement Techniques


Admission Requirements

Introductory quantum mechanics course.
Signal Processing and Noise provides a good preparation, with the most important requirements being:

  • a knowledge of the concept of expressing noise in units: [X]/squareroot(Hz).

  • a basic knowledge of electronics, most importantly the use of complex impedances to calculate the frequency dependence of currents and voltages,

  • the origin of thermal noise and shotnoise and

  • the functioning of an amplifier (based on operational amplifiers)
    Students that are unfamiliar with these concept are invited to mail Tjerk Oosterkamp and if necessary a special class will be organized to explain these concepts or some study material can be provided.


In this course we provide students that have an experimental interest with an overview of experimental techniques that are of interest in current condensed matter physics, quantum optics and biophysics research, with an emphasis on the research performed in the QMO and biophysics groups in the Leiden institute of physics. The teaching material will be made available through blackboard.

Course objectives

AFM, MRFM, STM, Quantum Optics techniques, super resolution optics, optical and magnetic trapping, cryogenics.


Physics Schedule
For detailed information go to Timetable in Brightspace

You will find the timetables for all courses and degree programmes of Leiden University in the tool MyTimetable (login). Any teaching activities that you have sucessfully registered for in MyStudyMap will automatically be displayed in MyTimeTable. Any timetables that you add manually, will be saved and automatically displayed the next time you sign in.

MyTimetable allows you to integrate your timetable with your calendar apps such as Outlook, Google Calendar, Apple Calendar and other calendar apps on your smartphone. Any timetable changes will be automatically synced with your calendar. If you wish, you can also receive an email notification of the change. You can turn notifications on in ‘Settings’ (after login).

For more information, watch the video or go the the 'help-page' in MyTimetable. Please note: Joint Degree students Leiden/Delft have to merge their two different timetables into one. This video explains how to do this.

Mode of instruction

Zie Brightspace

Assessment method

50% of the grade is due to the exam, 50 % of the grade is due to the project assignment.

Reading list

Material will be available through Brightspace and must be studied before the start of each lecture.


From the academic year 2022-2023 on every student has to register for courses with the new enrollment tool MyStudyMap. There are two registration periods per year: registration for the fall semester opens in July and registration for the spring semester opens in December. Please see this page for more information.

Please note that it is compulsory to both preregister and confirm your participation for every exam and retake. Not being registered for a course means that you are not allowed to participate in the final exam of the course. Confirming your exam participation is possible until ten days before the exam.

Extensive FAQ's on MyStudymap can be found here.


Lecturer: (Tjerk)