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Governance of Climate Change and Energy Transition


Admission requirements


Climate change is both a natural process and a societal challenge. In this course, students learn to address the current climate crisis at the intersection of both perspectives: What is climate change, how does it work and what are accelerators? What are the socio-political stakes, what are future pathways and how can anthropogenic climate change be governed adequately? This course zooms in on the economics and politics of climate change. Since anthropogenic climate change is deeply entangled with major Greenhouse Gasses (GHG) and how energy is produced, consumed and governed, the course pays special attention to the energy transition.

Course objectives

After completing this course, you will bAfter completing this course, you will be able to:

  1. Characterise different approaches to governance and democracy in relation to climate change and the energy transition;
  2. Understanding the main challenges related to global climate governance and international cooperation for energy transitions;
  3. Identifying underpinning inequalities and trade-offs in the governance of climate change and energy transitions (normative aspects and uneven gains);
  4. Elaborating a critical view on the possible solutions for climate mitigation/adaptation (i.e., generating relevant questions);
  5. Explain the principal natural mechanisms that lead to climate change i.e. causes and effects);
  6. Characterize different energy technologies, associated challenges and interpret their consequences
  7. Discuss the underlying economics related to climate change, climate change mitigation and energy supply
  8. Discuss how economic incentives create ‘lock-in’ situation or cause uprising


You will find the timetables for all courses and degree programmes of Leiden University in the tool MyTimetable (login). Any teaching activities that you have sucessfully registered for in MyStudyMap will automatically be displayed in MyTimeTable. Any timetables that you add manually, will be saved and automatically displayed the next time you sign in.

MyTimetable allows you to integrate your timetable with your calendar apps such as Outlook, Google Calendar, Apple Calendar and other calendar apps on your smartphone. Any timetable changes will be automatically synced with your calendar. If you wish, you can also receive an email notification of the change. You can turn notifications on in ‘Settings’ (after login).

For more information, watch the video or go the the 'help-page' in MyTimetable. Please note: Joint Degree students Leiden/Delft have to merge their two different timetables into one. This video explains how to do this.

Mode of instruction

In this course we offer a mix of instruction methods, including digital lectures and working groups.

Assessment method

There will be a mix of assessments that ensures to assess the acquisition of skills from multiple sides. This includes an exam, a scientific consultancy project and a small programming exercise.

Reading list

Literature for this course will primarily exist of scientific peer-reviewed papers from
mono-disciplinary and transdisciplinary scientific journals, supplemented with
book chapters, occasional policy document, video and podcasts.

All required readings and lectures must be studied for the written exam.


From the academic year 2022-2023 on every student has to register for courses with the new enrollment tool MyStudyMap. There are two registration periods per year: registration for the fall semester opens in July and registration for the spring semester opens in December. Please see this page for more information.

Please note that it is compulsory to both preregister and confirm your participation for every exam and retake. Not being registered for a course means that you are not allowed to participate in the final exam of the course. Confirming your exam participation is possible until ten days before the exam.

Extensive FAQ's on MyStudymap can be found here.