Biblical Hebrew II or the equivalent (please get in touch with the course leader if you are in doubt)
This course will give students the opportunity to learn the Phoenician language, to read inscriptions (broadly defined) written in Phoenician from across the Mediterranean, and to learn about the histories of the the city-states of the Phoenician coast such as Sidon and Tyre, and their respective new settlements across the Mediterranean coast, such as Carthage.
Students will acquire a solid basis of the language that will enable them to read Phoenician inscriptions and interpret them in their broader cultural and historical context. This will given students the unique opportunity to encounter the culture of the cities on the Phoenician coast in today’s Lebanon as far as possible in their own terms rather than exclusively through the European lense of Greek historians, although the latter will also be referred to (in translation!)
Knowledge and Insight
Basic understandig of Phoenician history
Basic understandig of Phoenician culture
Familiarity with the apparatus (main grammars, dictionaries and text editions)
Give a basic grammatical analysis of Phoenician inscriptions
Ability to read the Phoenician alphabet
Ability to place an inscription into its basic cultural and historical context
The timetables are available through My Timetable.
Mode of instruction
- Essay Proposal
- 5,000 word essay
- Drawing of invented Phoenician inscription with short reflection
10% Essay Proposal
50% 5,000 word essay
30% Drawing of invented Phoenician inscription with short reflection
If the essay is not passed, a new attempt can be made at the following normal faculty deadline
Inspection and feedback
How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.
A reading list will be made available on the course’s brightspace site. Access to a copy of the BHS is necessary (can be accessed in the UB).
Registration À la carte education, Contract teaching and Exchange
Information for those interested in taking this course in context of À la carte education (without taking examinations), eg. about costs, registration and conditions.
Information for those interested in taking this course in context of Contract teaching (with taking examinations), eg. about costs, registration and conditions.
For the registration of exchange students contact Humanities International Office.
For substantive questions, contact the lecturer listed in the right information bar.
For questions about enrolment, admission, etc, contact the Education Administration Office: [Naam Onderwijsadministratie](link naar contactgegevens OA)