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Air Transport Competition Law


Admission requirements

Admission to the full time and parttime Blended Learning advanced LL.M. programme in Air and Space Law.


To be able to advise air transport undertakings as they privatise or if they seek to cooperate with other firms by joining tactical and strategic alliances, it is essential that one first understands the relevant, applicable antitrust and competition laws, and how enforcement and compliance work in practice. This course aims to provide students with a profound knowledge of EU competition and US antitrust law and policy, as well as case law, while also considering Competition Law regimes in other parts of the world. Topics covered include interlining, alliances, joint ventures, mergers, and foreign investment, as well as State aid granted to airlines and airports.

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • Identy and understand the key issues of air transport competition law & policy;

  • Know the key case law in the area of air transport competition;

  • Explain the regulation of air transport competition within the EU and beyond;

  • Analyse and adress legal issues that arise in air transport competition;

  • Apply legal rules and case law to problem scenarios and provide sound legal advice; and

  • Undertake an individual research project relating to air transport competition law and policy.


Students can view the timetable in Brightspace. Participation in the online classes is optional for Blended Leaners.

Mode of Instruction

This course has been divided into several different modules, each of which that covers a certain specific theme. Each module provides students with theoretical knowledge through assigned reading materials and multimedia knowledge clips, and other suggested sources. Students are ultimately responsible for coming to classes prepared, which will in turn provides for elevated levels of discussion in the classroom sessions.

The lecturers make extensive use of interactive teaching, thus encouraging the students to exercise test their comprehension and understanding of the subject matter and to exercise their techniques for effective verbal communication. The level of interaction is high, and students are encouraged to reflect critically on the issues presented. Guest lecturers and expert practitioners are invited to highlight specific topical and emerging topics and themes from various perspectives.

Attendance at all lectures and on excursions is mandatory; any absence must always be reported to the Programme Coordinator and the lecturer.

Assessment method

This course is assessed by means of:

  • a Peer Review (pass/fail); and

  • a Paper (100%).

Blended learning students will work on three assignments, to be submitted via Brightspace.

The course is successfully passed if an average of 6 among the assignments is obtained.

The course is successfully passed if an grade for the course is obtained of 6.0 or higher. Assessment components for which only a pass or fail can be obtained, must be successfully completed by the student to pass the course. Only one retake may be granted to a student per course.

No retake will be granted to a student who has obtained a weighted average grade for the course of 6.0 or higher, cf Article 12.2 Course and Examination Regulations. No retake will be allowed if a student has not taken the scheduled exam, or any other scheduled form of assessment, and handed in written proof of a conscientious effort to meet the deadline. This is without prejudice to justified reasons of health, family or any other force majeure that could prevent the student from attending class or from participating in the assessment, cf. Article 12.3.

If a student fails an assessment component that is part of an activity that cannot be retaken, the form of the retake will be up to the discretion of the relevant lecturer, cf. Article 12.1.

The grade obtained in the retake assessment will replace the grade of the failed assessment and will be included in the weighting of the grade for the course.

Reading list

Steven Truxal, Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry: Puppets in chaos (Routledge, 2013)


Students will be registered automatically for the course in uSis and Brightspace.


International Institute of Air and Space Law (IIASL)
Law School, Leiden University
Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, Netherlands
Postal address: P.O. Box 9520, 2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
Phone : +31 71 527 8081


Currently these pages are being updated to reflect the courses for 2023 - 2024. Until these pages are fixed as per 1 September 2023 no rights can be claimed from the information which is currently contained within. Should there be any future extenuating circumstances which may impinge our teaching and assessment, these could necessitate modification of the course descriptions after 1 September. This will only happen in the event of strict necessity and the interests of the students will be taken into account. Should there be a need for any change during the course, this will be informed to all students on a timely basis. Modifications after 1 September 2023 may only be done with the approval and consent of the Faculty Board and Programme Director.