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Historical Grammar of Hebrew and Aramaic


Admission requirements

Regular MA admission requirements.


An introduction to the historical grammar of Biblical Hebrew on the basis of a detailed philological study of selected texts.

Course objectives

A better idea of the evolution of Hebrew in its linguistic setting during the first millennium BCE and some experience with a thorough philological study of difficult texts, including matters of phonology, morphology, syntax, textual criticism, and contextual interpretation. A very good working knowledge of Biblical Hebrew is essential.


For the most recent update of the timetable, click here. For details of the timetable, consult Prof. H. Gzella. Tel. +31 71 527 2255.

Mode of instruction


Assessment method

Assignment, paper


Not applicable.

Reading list

To be determined in consultation with the participants. For some background information, students should take a look at H. Gzella, “Ancient Hebrew”, in: id. (ed.), Languages from the World of the Bible, Berlin and New York 2011, 76–110.


Exchange and Study Abroad students, please see the Study in Leiden. website for information on how to apply.

Contact information

Prof. Dr. H. Gzella. Tel. +31 71 527 2255.