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Historical Grammar of Hebrew and Aramaic


Admission requirements

Regular MA admission requirements.


An introduction to the historical grammar of Biblical Hebrew on the basis of a detailed philological study.

Course objectives

A better idea of the evolution of Hebrew in its linguistic setting during the first millennium BCE and some experience with a thorough philological study of difficult texts, including matters of phonology, morphology, syntax, textual criticism, and contextual interpretation. A very good working knowledge of Biblical Hebrew is essential.



Mode of instruction

  • Seminar

Course Load

10 EC (280 hours) spread over:

  • 13 tutorials of about 2 hours (26 hours);

  • preparing lectures, including reading and assignments (127 hours);

  • preparing written exam or writing a paper (127 hours).

Assessment method

  • Active participation and course preparation (40%)

  • Paper (60%)


Not applicable.

Reading list

To be determined in consultation with the participants.
For some background information, students should take a look at H. Gzella, “Ancient Hebrew”, in: id. (ed.), Languages from the World of the Bible, Berlin and New York 2011, 76-110.


Registration via uSis


Prof. Dr. H. Gzella