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Psychology and Science (IBP)

Course 2014-2015

Students of the Dutch bachelor’s programme, see: Psychologie en Wetenschap

First, this course offers an introduction to the main concepts and developments within classical epistemology, addressing the question of how (scientific) knowledge is established. Second, considerable attention will be paid to the various forms of reasoning used within (and outside) science, the errors (fallacies) that may occur, and the different ways in which people try to convince others. Attention will also be given to examples of fraud in science and ethical considerations concerning the participation in experiments.

Course objectives

Knowledge and understanding:

  • Knowledge and understanding of the main ideas about the nature of scientific knowledge.
  • Knowledge and understanding of the way in which science has developed on the basis of historical examples.
  • Knowledge of the main forms of reasoning used within science and beyond.

Applying knowledge and understanding

  • Basic skills in analysing and understanding types of logical reasoning, and the errors (fallacies) that may occur
  • Skill in recognizing different methods of persuasion (rhetoric).


Psychology and Science (2014-2015):



First year students are automatically enrolled in the courses. Other students need to enroll for lectures and work group sessions. Please consult the Instructions registration


Students are not automatically enrolled for an examination. They can register via uSis from 100 to 10 calendar days before the date; students who are not registered will not be permitted to take the examination. Registering for exams

Mode of instruction


The course will consist of seven lectures. In the first four, parts of What is this thing called Science? and Critical Thinking will be discussed, related to the philosophy of science and logic. The remaining three lectures will be on Critical Thinking (in particular concerning fallacies) and a final lecture on questions raised by students.

Work group sessions

There will be four work group sessions, running parallel to the first four lectures. In the work group sessions topics from epistemology will be discussed, along with the logic involved.

A work group will consist of one instructor and a maximum of 24 students (two tutorial groups combined). Work groups will meet weekly on four occasions. This means each student will have 4 sessions in total. Attendance is mandatory, and students will be graded. The work group grade will be included in the calculation of the final grade.

Test questions will be used in every meeting to check knowledge and understanding of the material in the course book chapters under study. The instructors will assess the answers as ‘good’,‘pass’ or ‘fail’. An overall grade will be awarded for participation combined with answering the test questions. For information on how this grade will be calculated, see the course work book.


The material to be studied for the examination consists of chapters from the reading list and lecture material, as assigned by the instructor. The examination consists of 40 multiple-choice questions. The grade for the work group sessions will be included in the calculation of the final grade. The calculation of the final grade is described in the course work book.

Compensation of partial grades: A partial grade must be at least 5.0 to be compensated by the higher second grade.

The final grade is rounded to whole and half numbers, except for the 5.50.
For the final grade to be a 5.0 or a 6.0, rounding off rules are:
≥ 4.75 and