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Archaeology of the Mediterranean 1: The Mediterranean in the first millennium BC


Admission requirements



This lecture series offers an in-depth introduction to the archaeology of the Mediterranean world in the first millennium B.C.
Central to the course is the discussion about the very diverse communities which lived in the Mediterranean during that period, from Greeks and Phoenicians to Etruscans and Iberians, and who interacted very intensively through war, migration (colonisation), trade and other exchange processes.

While other courses often focus mainly on ‘Greeks and Romans’, these lectures study the fascinating and complex Mediterranean world in its entirety, thus placing the role of Greek civilisation and the emergence of Rome in a broader perspective in order to understand it better.
Various areas in the western and eastern Mediterranean are studied, looking at different aspects such as urban culture, economics and religion, and addressing a range of categories of material culture. The interaction between the areas and cultures and the changes which occurred therein over time are of particular interest.
The required literature will be discussed during the lectures. Besides becoming familiar with knowledge essential for Mediterranean archaeology, the course expressly invites the student to think about cultural interaction in the ancient world.

Course objectives

  • Primary, exploratory knowledge about the archaeology of the Mediterranean in the first millennium B.C., i.e. the main areas and sites referred to in the literature and in the lectures;

  • Understanding the diversity of the various Mediterranean areas with respect to material culture and lifestyle;

  • Understanding the extent and influence of interaction between the various Mediterranean areas with respect to material culture and lifestyle;

  • Ability to clearly formulate and illustrate different cultural exchange processes based on examples in the Mediterranean;

  • Ability to critically study archaeological material against the background of the debate about interaction in the Mediterranean.


Course schedule details can be found in the bachelor 3 time schedule.

Mode of instruction


Course load

The course load will be distributed as follows:

  • 7×2 hours of lectures (1 ects);

  • Literature (4 ects).

Assessment method

Written examination.

Reading list

To be announced.


Registration for the course is not necessary, registration for the exam is mandatory. For instructions, see the Registration in uSis page.

Registration ‘Contractonderwijs’

All information (costs, registration, entry requirements, etc.) for those who are interested in taking this course as a Contractstudent is on the Contractonderwijs Archeologie webpage (in Dutch).


For more information about this course, please contact dr. J.J. Stöger.


Compulsory attendance.