First-year examination in Psychology. Students doing a minor do not need to meet the requirements mentioned but do have to make sure they are well prepared, and know the basics of Statistics (relevant literature will be provided).
In this specialisation course we will study the development of emotional competence and its links with psychopathology.
In the first 4 lectures, the functionality of emotions and the process of emotion socialization are central themes. What do children need to learn to become emotionally competent, how do they learn this, and what is the role of the social environment in this process? Special attention will be given to groups with communicative impairments, i.e. an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), a Specific Language Impairment (SLI), or children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). Studying emotion socialization in these groups as compared to normally developing peers can increase our understanding of the necessity for learning about all aspects of emotions in a social context. Aspects of emotional competence that will be dealt with are:
• Emotion expression and communication
• emotion awareness and regulation
• Social emotions and understanding others’ emotions
In the second 4 lectures different aspects of emotional competence will be applied to social and interpersonal problems and psychopathology in children and adolescents. A central question is, what happens when the process of emotion socialization goes awry, what are the consequences for children and adolescents? The lectures will consider how deficits in emotional competence contribute to psychopathology, both internalizing and externalizing problems. The lectures will also discuss how psychopathology may hinder the emotion socialization process. For example, how does an extremely anxious child learn to regulate his/her emotions? We will also pay attention to the question of how knowledge about emotional competence can be used in the treatment of youth psychopathology. Example aspects of emotional competence and psychopathology that may be dealt with are:
• Emotional competence and social adjustment
• Emotion regulation, rumination, and internalizing psychopathology
• Emotion regulation and externalizing psychopathology
• Empathy, social relationships and psychopathology
Students will be able to critically read and discuss the recent developmental literature based on scientific articles. These articles cover 1. current emotion theories, especially those which focus on development during infancy, childhood and adolescence; 2. the influence of various interpersonal and intrapersonal factors on emotion-socialisation( e.g., different groups with communicative impairments); 3. developmental psychopathology in relation to emotional competence deficits.
Students will be able to explore a given topic in-depth and critically think about the operationalization of the topics discussed into an assessment tool. Students will gain experience in conducting assessments of children, data analysis and presenting the results during a work group session.
For the timetables of your lectures, workgroups, and exams, select your study programme.
Students need to register for lectures, workgroups and exams.
Instructions for registration in courses for the 2nd and 3rd year
For information on registration periods consult the bachelor course registration
Elective students have to enroll for each course separately. For admission requirements contact your study advisor.
For admission requirements, please contact your exchange coordinator.
Students are not automatically enrolled for an examination. They can register via uSis from 100 to 10 calendar days before the date; students who are not registered will not be permitted to take the examination.
Registering for exams
Mode of instruction
The course comprises 8 2-hour lectures and 8 2-hour work group sessions. For the work group sessions students will be asked to explore a topic from the lectures in more detail and develop an assessment tool. This tool will be used for the assessment of a small number of children, after which the data obtained will be analysed by students (independently) in SPSS. Students will also be asked to consider and formulate predictions about how youth with different forms of psychopathology might differ from typically developing youth on their assessment tool. The last two work group sessions will be used to present the findings to members of the work group. In addition, during work group sessions, students will discuss issues based on exam questions and statements that are related to the scientific articles that have been studied. These discussions must be prepared by the students individually, prior to the work group meeting.
Lectures and work group sessions will take up to a total of 80 hours, including the research and preparation of the assignments. In addition, students are expected to spend 200 hours preparing for the examination.
Participation to all work groups is mandatory. The final grade will be based on:
Grade for the exam (60%). The exam consists of 8 open-ended essay questions.
Grade for assignments (40%) during working groups (active participation during group discussion; development new instrument; final presentation of assignment).
The Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences has instituted that instructors use a software programme for the systematic detection of plagiarism in students’ written work. In case of fraud disciplinary actions will be taken. Please see the information concerning fraud.
The following reading list is provisional:
Lecture 1: Emotion Theories
- Scherer, K.R. (2000). Emotion. In M. Hewstone & W. Stroebe (Eds.). Introduction to Social Psychology: A European perspective (3rd. ed., pp. 151-191). Oxford: Blackwell.
Lecture 2: Emotion Expression
Jenkins, J.M. & Ball, S. (2000). Distinguishing between negative emotions: Children’s understanding of the social-regulatory aspects of emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 261-282.
Kerr, M.A. & Schneider, B.H. (2008). Anger expression in children and adolescents: A review of the empirical literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 559-577.
Messinger, D. (2008). Smiling. In: M. M. Haith & J. B. Benson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development, Vol. 3, pp. 186-198. Oxford: Elsevier.
Lecture 3: Emotion Regulation
Fields, L. & Prinz, R.J. (1997). Coping and adjustment during childhood and adolescence. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 937-976.
Jahromi, L.B., Meek, S.E., & Ober-Reynolds, S. (2012). Emotion Regulation in the context of frustration in children with high functioning autism and their typical peers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53:12, 1250-1258.
Rieffe, C., Meerum Terwogt, M., & Kotronopoulou, K. (2007). Awareness of single and multiple emotions in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 455-465.
Lecture 4: Social emotions
Ketelaar, L., Wiefferink, C. H., Frijns, J. H. M., Broekhof, E. & Rieffe, C. (2015). Preliminary findings on associations between moral emotions and social behavior in young children with normal hearing and with cochlear implants. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24, 1369-1380. doi: 10.1007/s00787-015-0688-2
Tangney, J. P., Stuewig, J., & Mashek, D. J. (2007). Moral emotions and moral behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 345-372.
Lecture 5: Emotional competence and social adjustment
Von Salisch, M. (2001). Children’s emotional development: Challenges to their relationships to parents, peers, and friends. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 25, 310-319.
Blair, B. L., et al. (2015). Identifying developmental cascades among differentiated dimensions of social competence and emotion regulation. Developmental Psychology, 51, 1062-1073.
Röll et al. Emotion Regulation and Childhood aggression: Longitudinal associations. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, DOI 10.1007/s10578-012-0303-4.
Lecture 6: Emotional competence and anxiety
Blote, A.W., et al. (2015). The Speech Performance observation scale for youth (SPOSY): Assessing social performance characteristics related to social anxiety. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 6, 168-184.
Gunther Moor, B., et al. (2014). Peer rejection cues induce cardiac slowing after transition to adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 50, 947-955.
Haller, S.P.W., Kadosh, K.C., & Lau, J.Y.F. (2014). A developmental angle to undersntading the mechanisms of biased cognitions in social anxiety. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, article 846.
Lecture 7: Emotional competence and depression
Hughes, E.K. et al. (2011). Emotional functioning in children and adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33, 335-345.
Sanders, W. et al. (2015). Child regulation of negative emotions and depressive symptoms: The moderating role of parental emotion socialization. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 402-415.
Lecture 8: Emotional competence as a transdiagnostic factor
McLaughlin, K.A., & Nolen-Hoeksma, S. (2011). Rumination as a transdiagnostic factor in depression and aniety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 183-193.
Deschamps, P. K. H., Schutter, D. J. L. G., Kenemans, J. L., & Matthys, W. (2015). Empathy and prosocial behavior in response to sadness and distress in 6- to 7- year olds diagnosed with disruptive behavior disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 24, 105-113.
Mw. dr. Anne Miers
Phone: +31 71 5273688