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Archaeology of the Mediterranean 1: The Mediterranean in the first millennium BC



This course gives an introduction to the archaeology of the Mediterranean world in the first millennium BC. This is a crucial period in the Mediterranean history, associated with unprecedented levels of cultural interaction and important changes in the archaeological record.

In this course, we will focus on the various modes of interaction between the diverse communities that inhabited the Mediterranean during this period and the changes they brought about. Themes that may be addressed include trade, migration (colonisation), war, and other exchange processes.

Course objectives

  • Primary knowledge about the archaeology of the Mediterranean world in the first millennium B.C., i.e., the main areas and sites referred to in the literature and in the lectures;

  • Understanding of the diversity of the various Mediterranean areas with regard to material culture and lifestyle;

  • Understanding of the extent and influence of interaction between the various Mediterranean areas with regard to material culture and lifestyle;

  • Ability to critically assess an academic paper;

  • Ability to critically assess archaeological material against the background of different cultural exchange processes based on examples in the Mediterranean;

  • Ability to report such assessments in written format.


Course schedule details can be found in the BA3 time schedule.

Mode of instruction


Course load

The course load will be distributed as follows:

  • 7×2 hours of lectures (1 ec);

  • 210 pages of literature (1.5 ec);

  • Written assignments (1 ec);

  • Final essay of 2,500 words (+/- 10%) (1.5 ec).

Assessment method

  • Assignments (40%), divided into weekly small assignments (20 %) and a larger assignment (20%);

  • Final essay (60%).

Prior to class students read the assigned literature and submit discussion points. These must be submitted two days before class. In order to pass the course, all written assignments have to be handed in on time.

Compensation is possible according to the OER (Onderwijs- en Examenreglement / Course and Examination Regulations).

There is no retake for the weekly assignments.
A retake of the paper is only possible when all requirements have been met, including attendance and submission of the assignments.

Reading list

  • Naerebout F.G. & H.W. Singor (2014), Antiquity. Greeks and Romans in Context. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell, Parts III: 900-500 BC & IV: 500-300 BC.;

  • Additional reading will be made available on BlackBoard or via e-mail.


Registration for the course or the exam is not required.

Registration ‘Contractonderwijs’

All information (costs, registration, entry requirements, etc.) for those who are interested in taking this course as a Contractstudent is on the Contractonderwijs Archeologie webpage (in Dutch).


For more information about this course, please contact dhr. S.W.G. Müskens.


Compulsory attendance.