nl en

Advanced Biblical Hebrew Grammar


Admission requirements

Regular MA admission requirements. A very good working knowledge of Biblical Hebrew, such as completion of Biblical Hebrew 1 and 2 or the equivalent (at the discreation of the teacher) is essential.


An in-depth study of advanced topics of Biblical Hebrew (such as the verbal system, the different nuances of the verbal stems) on the basis of a selection of particularly difficult passages, with due attention to philological matters (e.g., textual criticism and style) and linguistic variation in Biblical Hebrew (diachronic, stylistic, and other).

Course objectives

Upon completion of this course, students have gained a deeper understanding of Biblical Hebrew grammar, lexicon, and idiom. They are able to perform an advanced linguistic analysis of difficult texts and have improved their translation skills.


Please consult the Classics and Ancient Civilizations website.

Mode of instruction

  • Seminar

Course Load

Total course load: 280h (10 EC), divided as follows:

  • 13 tutorials of about 2 hours (26 hours);

  • preparing lectures, including reading and assignments (127 hours);

  • preparing written exam or writing a paper (127 hours).

Assessment method

  • Oral participation and preparation of texts to be studied in class (40%)

  • Paper (60%)


The final grade for the course is established by determining the weighted average.


Should the overall mark be unsatisfactory, the paper is to be revised after consultation with the teacher.

Exam review

Students will be invited to discuss the results of the oral participation and preparation of texts, and the paper individually with the teacher, as soon as the results have been published.


Blackboard will be used for additional study materials

Reading list

To be communicated in class.
For some background information, students should take a look at A. Gianto, “Variations in Biblical Hebrew”, Biblica 77 (1996) 493-508; Research MA students should also read H. Gzella, “Das Hebräische als Sprache Israels und Judas”, in: U. Hübner and H. Niehr (eds.), Sprachen in Palästina im 2. und 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr., Wiesbaden 2017, 265-299 (available upon request).


Enrolment through uSis is mandatory.
General information about registration in uSis is available in English and Dutch.


Dhr. Prof. H. Gzella