Objective: 1. Providing historical and theoretical knowledge that will culminate in a deeper and nuanced understanding of the idea of nation and the ideology of nationalism, thereby acquiring the skills to unpack and decode some of the current pressing issues in the world.
Objective: 2. Contribute to oral and written expression skills through class discussions and written assignments.
Content: The course starts with systems of political organisation before the advent of nationalism. This is followed by the emergence of the idea of popular legitimacy empowering the ‘people’ that was put into political practice with the French Revolution, and the subsequent impact this has had on world politics as the ‘people’ became the ‘nation’. The ideology that the ‘nation’ and ‘state’ should be congruent, i.e. nationalism, has since changed the political landscape of the world. During the 19th century, nationalism and popular democracy were inseparable in opposing the old order of royal and religious legitimacy (i.e. ‘let the people decide’), but the idea of nationalism later spawned violence and wars as well.
When the nation has been smaller than the state (the Habsburg and Ottoman multination empires), nationalism has led to new smaller nation-states, when the nation has been bigger than the state (German and Italian nations divided into various states), nationalism has created new bigger nation-states. Many current conflicts around the world reflect the enduring impact of nationalism. Nationalism also examines deviations from the Westphalian nation-state ideal including multination states (e.g. Belgium, Canada), nations that span across various states (e.g. Albanians across Albania proper, Kosova, and Macedonia), stateless nations (e.g. Kurds spread across Turkey, Iran and Iraq), minority nations (Quebec, Catalonia), and the accompanying potential lines of conflict.
Methods of Instruction
Following two weeks of lectures providing general introduction, the course will be divided into lectures and class discussions on the topics and reading assignments. There will be an in-class examination and a final paper. Part of the course will be devoted to discussing the transition of multination empires into nation-states. The scholarly literature will be unpacked within the context of three novels set in the time-period. Students will choose one amongst the following three titles, and critically examine the novels in the light of the themes discussed in class.
Gregor von Rezzori, Snows of yesteryear Ivo Andric, The Bridge over Drina Louis de Bernières, Birds without wings
Required readings will be made available electronically.
Students need to register for lectures, work group sessions and advanced courses in uSis. It is not possible to take a course without a valid registration. Please consult the course registration website for information on registration periods and further instructions.
Comparative Analysis of Political Systems