Knowledge of calculus and linear algebra at bachelor's level is required, as well as special relativity, and of classical mechanics, including its Lagrangian formulation. In terms of the Leiden curriculum, the student must have successfully completed the first year, and in addition must have successfully completed the courses Classical Mechanics b and Lineaire Algebra 2 or Lineaire Algebra 2NA. Without this full set of prerequisites, enrolment will not be allowed.
This course provides an introduction to the Theory of General Relativity, with a particular focus on three important astrophysical applications: black holes, gravitational waves and the evolution of the Universe.
The first part of the course introduces in several lectures the theory of General Relativity. Following that, three key physical applications are discussed. First, the physics of black holes is covered in several lectures. Then, a couple of lectures provide an introduction to gravitational waves. Finally, in several lectures, the application of General Relativity to the Universe as a whole, including its origin and evolution, is introduced.
The course sidesteps the usual mathematical approach to the subject (based on tensor calculus), and instead starts from the metric as the central concept. The course uses a textbook following the same approach.
The following themes are covered:
Review of Special Relativity
The equivalence principle and its implications
Motion in curved spacetime and the geodesic equation
The Schwarzschild geometry
Black holes and the event horizon
Hawking radiation and black hole thermodynamics
Rotation in General relativity: frame dragging
Rotating black holes
Cosmology: the Robertson-Walker metric and the Friedmann equation
Flat and spatially curved Universes and their properties
Principal course objective: upon completion of this course you will be able to explain the fundamental tenets of General Relativity, their implications for the nature of space, time and gravity, and will be able to carry out basic calculations in relation to black holes, gravitational waves and the Universe as a whole.
Upon completion of this course you will be able to:
Explain the fundamental principles of General Relativity
Calculate the motion of particles in any curved spacetime
Explain the properties of non-rotating and rotating black holes
Analyze the motion of particles in the vicinity of black hole horizons
Explain Hawking radiation and its relation to black hole thermodynamics
Explain the dragging of inertial reference frames by rotating masses in General Relativity
Explain the nature and properties of gravitational waves
Calculate simple physical parameters from gravitational wave experiments
Calculate physical quantities in a dynamic Universe
Explain and quantitatively predict the evolution of model Universes
At the end of this course, you will have been trained in the following behaviour-oriented skills:
Correctly explaining and analyzing complex and non-intuitive concepts
You will find the timetables for all courses and degree programmes of Leiden University in the tool MyTimetable (login). Any teaching activities that you have sucessfully registered for in MyStudyMap will automatically be displayed in MyTimeTable. Any timetables that you add manually, will be saved and automatically displayed the next time you sign in.
MyTimetable allows you to integrate your timetable with your calendar apps such as Outlook, Google Calendar, Apple Calendar and other calendar apps on your smartphone. Any timetable changes will be automatically synced with your calendar. If you wish, you can also receive an email notification of the change. You can turn notifications on in ‘Settings’ (after login).
For more information, watch the video or go the the 'help-page' in MyTimetable. Please note: Joint Degree students Leiden/Delft have to merge their two different
Mode of instruction
Lectures and problem classes
Written exam, see Examination schedules bachelor Astronomy
Gravity. An Introduction to Einstein’s General Relativity, Hartle, ISBN 9781292039145 (required)
From the academic year 2022-2023 on every student has to register for courses with the new enrollment tool MyStudyMap. There are two registration periods per year: registration for the fall semester opens in July and registration for the spring semester opens in December. Please see this page for more information.
Please note that it is compulsory to both preregister and confirm your participation for every exam and retake. Not being registered for a course means that you are not allowed to participate in the final exam of the course. Confirming your exam participation is possible until ten days before the exam.
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