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Multivariate Analysis: from Data to Report


Admission Requirements

Only students enrolled in the bachelor’s programme CADS may participate in this course. To participate in this course, students must:

1) Have finished fieldwork for the course Fieldwork NL
2) Have passed the following courses from the propaedeutic phase:
Anthropological Research in Practice, Statistics in Practice, Academic Writing and (Re)Presentation, Ethics in Contemporary Ethnographic Research/Data Management and Research Ethics, Academic Discourse

N.B. Completing this course is required to register for the third-year course Personal and Professional Impact.

Language of Instruction

Lectures are given in English.
Examination (assignments and written exam): English and Dutch.

Course Description

This course provides an introduction to the analysis of multivariate data, in particular nominal and/or ordinal data. It includes exercises in analysing data using the SPSS modules for Multiple Categorical Analysis (MCA) and Categorical Principal Components Analysis (CATPCA).
In this course students will also work on the analysis of data they will collect during the Fieldwork NL course.

Course Objectives

  1. Insight into methods and techniques for multivariate analysis. In particular: (a) being able to explain what multivariate analysis entails; (b) being able to explain for a given research question and collected data which of the discussed techniques can be used for analysis.

  2. Gaining experience with the practice of multivariate analysis, including by using one or more techniques for analysing data. Note: we do not expect students to have become seasoned researchers by the end of the course. That takes years of experience!


The lecture schedule can be found on the website.

Practicals take place at dates and times t.b.a.; classification per practical group is made during the first lecture - registration for these groups via uSis is not necessary.

Mode of Instruction

Total 5 ECTS = 140 study hours (sbu):

  • Lectures: 14 × 3 hours = 42 hours * 1,5 = 63 sbu

  • Practicals: 7 × 2 hours = 14 hours = 14 sbu (attendance mandatory)

  • Literature (ca. 138 pages) = 23 sbu

  • Assignments: 40 sbu

Assessment Method

  • Written exam

  • Mandatory participation in practicals. Attendance at practicals will be checked.

  • Written analysis report, on the basis of assignments during the course

Note: students must both pass the examination and submit a satisfactory written report of their analysis.

Only the final mark will be registered in uSis and tests may be re-taken if results are inadequate (grade 5 or lower).

Registration in My Studymap

Registration for the lectures and all (partial) exams in My Studymap is mandatory for all students. Registration closes 5 days before the start of the course. Carefully read all information about the procedures and deadlines for registering for courses and exams.

Registration and confirmation of exams

It is mandatory for all students to register for each exam (this inclused re-sits) and to confirm registration for each exam in My Studymap. This is possible up to and including 10 calendar days prior to the examination. You cannot take an exam without a valid pre-registration and confirmation in My Studymap. Carefully read all information about the procedures and deadlines for registering for courses and exams.


Brightspace is the digital learning environment of Leiden University. Brightspace gives access to course announcements and electronic study material. Assignments will also be submitted in Brightspace. Announcements about and changes to courses are given in Brightspace. Students are advised to check Brightspace daily to keep informed about rooms, schedules, deadlines, and details of assignments. Lecturers assume that all students read information posted on Brightspace.

  • How to login

The homepage for Brightspace is: Brightspace

Please log in with your ULCN-account and personal password. On the left you will see an overview of My Courses.

For access to courses in Brightspace students must be registered for those courses in My Studymap.

Course Literature

Field, Andy 2018 Discovering Statistics Using SPSS (fifth edition). London: SAGE Publications.

Articles from electronic journals and encyclopaedias are available through Leiden University’s digital library. These will be announced on Brightspace.


Dr Igor Boog B. Schuurman MSc