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Structure course non-western languages (Quechua)


Admission requirements

Languages of the World


We will study the Andean language Quechua as an example of a non-western language. Quechua was the lingua franca of the Inca Empire and is still spoken by millions of people today. The language is spoken in six South American countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

In contrast to many western languages, Quechua expresses properties such as transitions (marking of both the subject and object on the verb), a four person system, switch reference in adverbial subordination, and evidentiality (the grammatical marking of information source). Another interesting property of the language is that it shows little irregularity.

The course will focus on the Ayacucho variety of the language spoken in Peru. The main goal is to provide an overview of the phonology, morphology and syntax of this Quechua variety. Translation, glossing, and formulation exercises will be used in order to convey insights into de grammar of the language. Through the course materials students will obtain insight into the cultural and sociolinguistic situation of the Andes.

Course objectives

By the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • To recognize the basic grammatical structures of Quechua

  • To analyse the basic grammatical structures of Quechua

  • To provide interlinear glosses for brief Quechua texts.

  • To describe the cultural and sociolinguistic situation of the Andes


Linguistics (BA)

Mode of instruction


Course load

Total course load 5EC x 28 hours= 140 hours

  • Seminar: 24 uur

  • Exam: 4 uur

  • Homework: 72 uur

  • Exam preparation: 40 uur

Assessment method


  • Midterm examination with short open questions: 25%

  • Final examination with short open questions: 75%

Presence and active participation in this course are mandatory. Students can be excluded from the course or obtain a lower grade if they do not meet these requirements.


The final mark for the course is established by determining the weighted average.


Only the final examination with marks below 6 can be sat again.

Exam review

How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.


Blackboard will be used for:

  • Information about the course

  • Homework assignments

  • Urgent issues

Reading list

Reading list will be distributed during the first class.


Enrolment through uSis is mandatory.

General information about uSis is available on this website

Registration Studeren à la carte and Contractonderwijs

Registration Studeren à la carte
Registration Contractonderwijs


Teacher: M. Bruil

Education Administration Office van Wijkplaats

E-mail address Education Administration Office van Wijkplaats: osz-oa-wijkplaats@hum.leidenuniv.nl

Coordinator of Studies


This course is open to students from the BA Linguistics only.