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Public Administration: Multi-Level Governance

Introduction and target group

Please note: you can only follow our minor courses if you have an official registration for the minor. It’s not possible to follow the minor courses as electives, if you do not have an official minor registration. Everyone without a registration who enrolls anyways, will be de-registered.

This minor targets third year Bachelor level students who have a broad interest in the functioning and improvement of the public sector in all its facets. This necessitates attention for the interactions between public and private actors at various levels of governance, and requires an understanding of how research is conducted in public administration. At the same time, students should be open to and get acquainted with multiple disciplines in order to be able to benefit from the insights other related academic disciplines offer for a better understanding of the functioning of the public sector. As such, this minor programme consists of courses that enable students to analyse complex governance problems in a national and international context.

We would like to point out that if you come from a different discipline, the transition could be hard and may require extra time and energy. Think of mastering a different way of doing research, examination and/or writing papers. If you are not sure whether this minor is for you, please contact the study advisors. This minor is not accessible for HBO students.

The public sector is increasingly a multi-level system, with interactions between public and private actors on the national, sub-national (provinces, regions) and international (e.g. EU, OECD, UN, WTO) level and various public, semi-public and private organisations that perform public tasks. In this minor students pay attention to decision-making processes in and interactions between and within those levels and organizations. The minor addresses a broad range of topics. We discuss which organisations the public sector actually consists of and what the relationships are between organisations and levels. Contemporary problems and developments are discussed, such as decentralisation to municipalities, ‘good’ governance, privatisation of public tasks, Europeanisation, and the role of international organisations in forging multi-lateral agreements. Ethical argumentation and normative questions are also discussed. Moreover, the minor enables students to assess and conduct proper social scientific research to critically investigate public administration and to offer solutions to current and future challenges of governance.

Programme and structure

This minor is taught in two consecutive blocks of 8 weeks each.

In block one, students will become acquainted with some basic building blocks of the discipline, with an introductory course on Public Administration and a course on politics of international regulation. In addition, students will be introduced into governance and digitalisation, which is a strongly emerging topic in public administration.

In block two, students will go in-depth into several sub topics of the discipline where they have a choice. Here, the research component can be taken with an online course, mixed with face-to-face elements. This course is especially useful (mandatory!) for students who wish to continue in a Master’s program in Public Administration but who do not have a social science background (see also next tab Important Information). In addition, there are courses on EU politics and policy, on international administration, on public management and organisations and Public Values and Ethics (about normative and ethical questions of governance). All courses are worth 5 ECTS.

Block 1 (semester 1)

  • Introduction to Public Administration (level 200, 5 ECTS).

  • Governance and Digitalization (level 200, 5 ECTS)

  • International Regulation (level 300, 5 ECTS)

*Block 2 (Semester 1) *(Choose 3 out of 5 courses)

  • Research in Public Administration (SPOC) (level 300, 5 ECTS). NB: this course is essential for students who wish to continue in the Master programme of Public Administration without having to follow a pre Master – see next tab Important Information). This course is taught mainly online combined with face-to-face elements.

  • Public Management and Organisations (level 300, 5 ECTS).

  • Public Values & Ethics (level 300, 5 ECTS). NB: This course is taught mainly online combined with some face-to-face elements.

  • European Union Politics and Policy (level 200, 5 ECTS).

  • International Administration (level 200, 5 ECTS)

A selection of 15 ECTS elective courses

Parts of the minor can be followed as a program of three elective courses. These courses, once passed, will be shown as electives on your diploma but do make up a coherent program of 15 ECTS of Public Administration. It concerns the following courses:

  • Introduction to Public Administration (level 200), block 1, semester 1

  • European Union Politics and Policy (level 200), block 2, semester 1

  • Public Management and Organisations (level 300), block 2, semester 1

If you cannot follow minor courses in block 2 (November and December) you can also opt to follow courses in block 1 (September and October) only.

Working group attendance

Minor students also attend working group sessions. The minor has its own schedule and its specific minor working groups. Students have to register themselves in MyStudymap. The activity code for registration is published in the Schedule on the right side of this page.

See next tab 'Important Information' for:

  • Level of the minor programme

  • Continuing with a Master in Public Administration without a pre Master

  • Examination Regulations and retake exams in January

  • Retake policy


The link on the right side of this page leads to the schedule.


All classes will take place in The Hague.


Questions about the minor can be directed to the study advisers at Study advisors BSc Public Administration. The study advisor will forward you to the minor coordinator, if you have questions about the content or coherence of the programme.


Vak EC Semester 1 Semester 2
Introduction to Public Administration 5
Governance and Digitalisation 5
International Regulation 5

Kies 3 van de 5 vakken

Public Values and Ethics 5
Public Management and Organisations (Minor PA) 5
Research in Public Administration 5
International Administration 5
European Union Politics and Policy 5

Important information

On this page you can find information about:

  • How to register for courses and exams

  • Level of the minor programme

  • Disabilities

  • Continuing with a Master’s in Public Administration without a pre-Master’s

  • Examination Regulations

  • When one or more courses are not passed

How to register for courses and exams

You need to register for the individual courses in MyStudymap. When you’ve done this correctly the course will appear in your weekly schedule. Please note that you also have to register for the exams in MyStudymap.
There are specific working groups for minor students. Minor students will be enrolled for the workinggroups by the OSC.

You pass the exam if the result is 5,5 or higher. A result lower than 5,5 means that you failed the exam.

Level of the minor program

According to Leiden University regulations, the minor programme is scheduled within the 30 ECTS discretionary space in the third year of the Bachelor’s programme.


It’s possible that due to circumstances you may need more time for an exam or even need to take an exam on a laptop. Examples of such circumstances would be dyslexia or ADHD. Should you need to make use of these facilities, we recommend making an appointment with Fenestra as soon as possible (you can make an appointment by contacting the student counsellors. We advise you to bring along all relevant medical certificates and test results. Please ensure that you also clearly indicate which facilities you think are necessary. Once the student counselors from Fenestra see the need for additional facilities, they will advise our Board of Examiners. If you already have a statement from Fenestra, please e-mail this to the study advisers of Public Administration a.s.a.p.

In the event that you have received or will receive advice from Fenestra, we would like to make you aware of the following important information:

  • In order to be able to arrange these facilities we need you to provide certain information in a timely manner. The Education Services Center intends to make this process as easy as possible for you. They will send you an email well in advance of each block, in which you will be specifically asked for this information. If you respond within the deadline and provide us with full information, you are guaranteed to be able to make use of the necessary facilities. You will receive a confirmation email, which also contains (among other things) the exam time and location. Please check whether you have received this email!

  • Incomplete information or replies after the deadline will not be taken into consideration anymore. In effect this means that there won’t be any additional facilities available to you and that you will have to take the exam in the regular lecture hall.

  • We would also like to bring to your attention that the facilities that are available are only those that are mentioned by Fenestra in their advice to the Board of Examiners. Discussions with teachers, a colleague of the Education Services Center and/or supervisor that take place before, during or after the exam will be relayed to the study advisers. In case of repeated instances, they will relay this to the Board of Examiners who could possibly decide not to follow the advice of Fenestra anymore.

Continuing with a Master in Public Administration without a pre Master

Completion of the full 30 ECTS minor programme (including Research in Public Administration) offers students the possibility, if the condition of proper motivation is met, to enter the master’s programme of the Institute of Public Administration without first following a pre master’s programme. To be eligible, students must follow all 30 ECTS. In addition, the course Research in Public Administration has to be chosen in blok 2 in case students do not already have a background in the social sciences. Please ask our study advisors for more information about requirements and possibilities.

If you're interested in the master's, you will need to apply for the MSc and you need to keep to the deadlines. If you have or will obtain a Dutch degree these are: December 1st and June 15th.
If you wish to start the MSc in February (deadline is 1 December, if you obtain a Dutch degree), please make sure you make clear in your application that you are currently pursuing this minor. You will be admitted on the condition that you finish your bachelor’s degree and this minor before or on January 31st. If you wish to start in September (deadline is 15 June, if you obtain a Dutch degree), please make sure that you mention finishing this minor in your CV and that you upload a transcript to prove this.

Examination Regulations and retake exams in January

The courses in the minor all fall under the Examination Regulations of the Bachelor Public Administration. As such, this has consequences for grading and retake opportunities. More information can be found on the website of the Board of Examiners of the Institute of Public Administration.

One important note (especially for international students) is that retakes are held in the month of January.

If you fail one or more courses

If you fail one or more courses, you cannot re-register for the minor in the next academic year. You can send a request to the Education Team to finish the course(s) in the next year.

If you have been able to finish the entire minor programme, you can get the mention ‘Minor Public Administration’ on your transcript. However, if you cannot finish the minor, this means that you will not get the mentioned predicate on your transcript. The obtained minor courses will in this case be mentioned as electives on your transcript. So this means that you can still use them for your elective space.


Registration and enrolment

There are different application procedures for different groups of students:

  • Students at Leiden University

  • Students at TU Delft or Erasmus University Rotterdam

  • Other university students from outside Leiden University

Students from Leiden University can register for the minor via U-Sis from 2 May 2022 until 15 July 2022 via Usis 6000MPAMN. (Study activity #1025)

For questions about applying, contact 071 – 527 1111 or

It is not possible to follow only one course, as the minor is a consistent package of courses designed to help you build your knowledge in a logical and connected order.
An exception is made for minor courses that are also electives. These courses can be followed individually by elective (such as exchange) students.

Students who follow the regular bachelor’s programme Public Administration (tracks EBM and BBO) cannot register for the minor Public Administration, as already stated in art. 3.2.6. of the Course and Examinations Regulations of the bachelor Public Administration. That means that all individual minor courses are also excluded from participation, even if they are also electives.