There is hardly an event thinkable that could be more important for European cultural memory than the Shoah. No town without its monument to murdered jews, no schoolkid or they no what happened in the German concentration camps.
This cultural memory of the Shoah is produced by films, books and material media in museums and in public space. We know about 'that what happened', as the poet Paul Celan called it, through testimonies such as Primo Levi's If this is a man or by documentaries such as Lanzmanns Shoah.
Apart from non-fiction objects like those, we will also analyze works of literature, popular movies such as Schindler’s List, or artworks, musea and rituals performed at memorial sites. In the dual context of both memory studies and representation analysis we will look at the different functions and effects that such works had in the construction of cultural memory.
In this interactive seminar, the central topics and concepts of memory of violence will be discussed: remembrance and oblivion, truth and narrative, documentation and the (digital) archive, sacralisation and irony, truth and autobiography, Holocaust-idols, aura and authenticity, and the function of mass-media and social media. Among the cases discussed will be sites like ‘De Hollandsche Schouwburg’ and the Anne Frank House, digital memorials such as the online Jewish monument, work by Abel Herzberg, Primo Levi, Art Spiegelman (Maus), Yael Bartana and Charlotte Delbo, films and their critical reception.
Representation analysis will demonstrate in which ways a memory of the Shoah is constructed and how trauma manifests itself in art and literature. Theoretical texts by Saul Friedländer, Oren Baruch Stier, Hillary Chute, Andreas Huyssen, Ernst van Alphen, Young and Aleida Assmann will be used in our analyses.
You will be able to define the basic concepts of Memory studies and of cultural analysis.
You can recognize the different ways in which memory may be produced in art, film and literature and digital media.
You understand the cultural and political dynamics in the representation and remembrance of historical events.
You can recognize and evaluate the icons, idols, strategies and clichés of Holocaust representation.
In this course, you will also be able write and present well argumented and theoretically strong analyses and interpretations of such works.
See the timetable of the Minors
Mode of instruction
Excursion to the Hollandse Schouwburg and/or the Anne Frankhouse in Amsterdam.
Seminars: 42 hours
Time for studying the compulsory literature and preparing the assignments: 46 hours
Time to prepare your sessions: 12
Time to write a paper (including reading / research): 40 hours
Assessment and grading method (in percentages):.
Weekly assignments (30%)
Presentation and research plan (20%)
For each part of the assessment at least a 5.5 should be obtained. The final grade is the weighted average of all grades. Only the paper has a resit possibility.
Only the paper has a resit possibility
Inspection and feedback
How and when an exam review will take place will be disclosed together with the publication of the exam results at the latest. If a student requests a review within 30 days after publication of the exam results, an exam review will have to be organized.
If you want, you are welcome to begin reading these titels over the summer, to reduce the work load during term. Please be aware that bol.com is not helpful for the future of bookstores. You can order at local Leiden booksellers or academic bookstores: they will be happy to send your books to your home address too!
Primo Levi, If this is a man. Translation Stuart Woolf. (In any language)
Tadeusz Borowski, This way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen. (In any language)
Art Spiegelman, Maus, 2 parts. (In any language)
Anne Frank, The Diary of Anne Frank. (In any language)
Further reading will be announced in class.
Registration Studeren à la carte
For questions about the content of this course: K. Schoof MA
For practical matters you may contact the secretarial office of the Opleiding Nederlandse Taal en Cultuur/Neerlandistiek. Student administration Arsenaal